China’s biggest anime site Bilibili removed from app stores amid content “clean up”
A flurry of bad news descended on Bilibili this week, as Chinese authorities clamped down on it.
I suppose you could say that it means Bilibili has finally made it.
Started in 2009 as a scrappy little place for millennials and Gen Z to watch Japanese anime (mostly unlicensed and illegal), Bilibili has now become one of China’s biggest video-sharing sites -- so big that the Chinese government has finally taken notice.
The bad news began when state media publicly criticized it for allowing vulgar content on the site. On Thursday its app was taken off various Android app stores.
Finally, on Friday Bilibili said it is “in deep self-review and reflection” after a meeting with the government. It pledged that it would crank up its self-checking capacity and recruit a discipline committee -- totalling 36,000 members.
Long story short: Bilibili has come to suffer the same fate as many other mainstream video sites in China. And that fate is being invited to a talk with the government… where they demand a clean-up.
For instance, in April four news apps (including Jinri Toutiao) were temporarily removed from app stores for two weeks after the government tried to get them to remove inappropriate content.
And those are the lucky ones. Many don’t even make it to “a talk with the government”. In the last three years, China has already shut down more than 13,000 websites.
But, in fact, Bilibili has definitely made it. It’s so big that it now has 76 million monthly active users (with 2.5 million paying for their subscription), a convention which fans paid up to US$200 per ticket to attend, and its stocks being traded on the Nasdaq.
Bilibili’s formula for success is to focus on serving fans of the ACG (anime, comics, games) world. While fans initially tuned in to consume ACG content, later they became creators of content, making everything from memes and movie reviews to toy unboxing and all sorts of tutorials.
But while there’s plenty of harmless stuff on Bilibili, it must be said that we also found inappropriate and borderline pornographic content too.
And those borderline cases might be enough: For instance, last month we wrote about streamers who moan and lick microphones on camera while wearing revealing clothes, part of a whole ASMR subculture on Bilibili.
The government clamped down on those videos, so it felt like it was only a matter of time before the site itself would trigger concern. After all, 82 percent of Bilibili users are born after 1990.
Bilibili fans quickly reacted following the government clampdown. And this Bilibili user is clearly enraged.
In response to Bilibili’s pledge for increased self-checking, an internet user said sarcastically, “Bilibili’s desire to stay alive is strong.”
Others point out that there are still other under-the-radar alternatives.
“I am not worried. After all, we still got Dilidili,” an internet user wrote, referring to a new site that looks very much like Bilibili -- showing that battle between government control and free-spirited internet users won't end any time soon.