Huawei is now under immense pressure to figure out how to deal with new export restrictions from the US that block its access to American technology. The move has already roiled Huawei, and it looks like the Trump administration isn’t content to stop there.

Reports say that the US government is looking into targeting more Chinese tech companies based on national security concerns. Here are some industries that might be affected.

Drones

Besides Huawei smartphones, one big piece of consumer tech the US government might target is drones. The US Department of Homeland Security issued a warning about security risks associated with Chinese drones. It did not name any specific company, but more than 70% of drones sold in the US costing US$500 or more are made by Shenzhen-based DJI.

It’s estimated that nearly 80 percent of drones used in the US and Canada come from DJI. (Picture: Abacus)

This isn’t the first time the US government has targeted Chinese drones. In 2017, the US Army ordered member organizations to stop using DJI drones because of “increased awareness of cyber vulnerabilities associated with DJI products.”

The order didn’t elaborate on what those vulnerabilities might be, but it might have been precautionary. A study by The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, a federal agency in the US, previously tested the DJI S-1000 drone and detected no unusual data transfer back to DJI.

In response to the US Army ban, DJI introduced a privacy mode in 2017 that can cut off data exchange during flights.

If the US decides to carry out the export ban, it could be a big blow to DJI, just as it was for Huawei. DJI’s drones rely on American-made chips, which are crucial to the operation of smart drones.

On the DJI Mavic Pro, for instance, a teardown video reveals that the vision processing unit that enables the drone to detect and avoid objects is made by Intel-owned Movidius. The camera SoC is from another American company, Ambarella. DJI is reportedly trying to develop its own chips to be less reliant on external suppliers, but that doesn't change the reality of the company’s supply chain today.

For now, though, DJI remains in the clear and says its business “has not been materially impacted” by the trade dispute.

Video surveillance

As China charges ahead in adopting facial recognition and inserting it into people’s everyday lives, the country’s surveillance tech is drawing more scrutiny in the US. Hikvision and Dahua, two Chinese surveillance camera giants, could be blacklisted, according to the New York Times.

Hikvision is the world’s largest video surveillance equipment maker. It’s the biggest seller of such equipment in Europe and the second largest in the US. Perhaps more alarming to the US government, three Chinese state-owned enterprises own 42% of Hikvision.

The administration worries that cameras from the companies could be used by the Chinese government to spy on US citizens, a long-held concern in the US government. Last year, the US House of Representatives proposed banning the federal government from buying Hikvision equipment.

On top of security concerns, the US is now also citing concerns about the two companies’ role in the Chinese government’s extensive surveillance of the Uygur Muslim minority in China’s western Xinjiang province.

Human Rights Watch says that Megvii’s software Face++ is one of the technologies used in the Chinese state surveillance on muslims in Xinjiang, which the company denies. (Picture: SCMP)

Surveillance hardware makers are not the only ones targeted. Reports suggest that Beijing-based Megvii, a startup that makes facial recognition surveillance software and counts China’s Ministry of Public Security as a client, is also being considered for a US export ban.

(Abacus is a unit of the South China Morning Post, which is owned by Alibaba, an investor in Megvii.)

Megvii has a research lab in the US, but it’s not clear how dependent its software is on American tech.

Speech recognition

Flying cameras and surveillance systems aside, a company that specializes in speech recognition is also reportedly in danger of a ban. AI company iFlytek -- named alongside Baidu, Tencent and Alibaba as the Chinese government’s national AI champions -- makes voice recognition and translation software and hardware such as portable translators. It controls more than 70% of China’s voice recognition market.

One of iFlytek’s AI initiatives outside of speech recognition is helping governments manage city traffic using big data. (Picture: Reuters)

The company’s shares plunged after news the US was considering it for a ban was made public. While China has been a major developer of AI tech in recent years, rivaling the US, AI research benefits from information exchange. Getting cut off from US tech could be a big deal for any Chinese company.